europe heat wave deaths 2003

europe heat wave deaths 2003

europe heat wave deaths 2003

546 deaths. Updates? As a result of summer 2003, an alert system was introduced in France which aims to warn people about expected highs and avoid more deaths. Due to a number of deaths, the UK government released its Heat Health Watch system, issuing warnings if temperatures rise above 30 °C in the day and 15 °C at night. [2] France was hit especially hard. France has adopted strict heat wave guidelines since the summer of 2003, when between 15,000 and 19,000 people died as a result of extreme temperatures – many of … This report reviews the current knowledge about the effects of heat-waves, including the physiological aspects of heat illness and epidemiological studies on excess mortality, and makes recommendations for preventive action. Because of that, and also of the impending change to rainy weather, the harvest was started much earlier than usual (e.g. Because of the usually relatively mild summers, most people did not know how to react to very high temperatures (for instance, with respect to rehydrati… 32. It surpassed even 2003's scorcher in western and central Europe — which has been blamed for 70,000 deaths. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The deaths prompted the nation's weather service … Several weather records were broken in the United Kingdom, including a new record for the country's highest ever recorded temperature of 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) at Faversham in Kent on 10 August, which remained the highest recorded temperature in the UK until the heatwave in July 2019. In France, 14,802 heat-related deaths (mostly among the elderly) occurred during the heat wave, according to the French National Institute of Health. In Paris, where it was much warmer, 506 out of 735 deaths were attributable to global warming. This image shows the differences in day time land surface temperatures collected in the two years by the In Portugal, an estimated 1,866 to 2,039 people died of heat-related causes. ... was responsible for a large number of the deaths. In addition, high water temperatures and low water levels shut down French nuclear power facilities just when demand for electricity peaked. The highest temperature recorded was 30.3 °C (86.5 °F) at Belderrig, County Mayo on 8 August.[33][34][35]. In northern Sweden, August temperatures are rarely warm due to the decreased exposure of the low but everlasting sun during the summer solstice. The AIS is important for the reproduction biology of important pelagic commercial fish species, so the heatwave may have influenced indirectly the stocks of these species. Poumadère, M., Mays, C., Le Mer, S. and Blong, R. (2005), The 2003 Heat Wave in France: Dangerous Climate Change Here and Now. On 3 September 2003, 57 bodies were still left unclaimed in the Paris area, and were buried. A seasonal current of the central Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ionian Stream (AIS), was affected by the warm temperatures, resulting in modifications in its path and intensity. Even nightly temperatures were higher than the average summer midday highs. As a massive heat wave bears down on Europe in coming days, France is hoping to avoid the devastating death toll it suffered in 2003, during the hottest spell in centuries. [4][5] France does not commonly have very hot summers, particularly in the northern areas,[6] but eight consecutive days with temperatures of more than 40 °C (104 °F) were recorded in Auxerre, Yonne in early August 2003. The bulk of the heat wave in Sweden was instead seen earlier in July in the central and northerly parts of the country, where Stockholm had a July mean of 20.2 °C (68.4 °F) with a high of 25.4 °C (77.7 °F) which although very warm was not record-setting. France: More than 10,000 dead in record heat wave By Francis Dubois 22 August 2003 The unprecedented heat wave in Europe has caused many deaths across … [23] The high humidity intensified the perception of heat and population suffering. Gobierno de España", http://www.clima.ibimet.cnr.it/attachments/Sommario%20Clima%202003-Toscana.pdf, "(Analisi meteo-climatica inverno 2002/2003)", https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/100-f-britains-hottest-day-99871.html, "Great weather events: Temperatures records fall in summer 2003", "Met Éireann – Monthly Weather Bulletin (June 2003)", "Met Éireann – Monthly Weather Bulletin (July 2003)", "Met Éireann – Monthly Weather Bulletin (August 2003)", "Temperature & Cloud statistics for Sweden – August 2003", "Temperature & Cloud statistics for Sweden – July 2003", "Effects of 2003 heatwave on the Sea Surface in Central Mediterranean", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2003_European_heat_wave&oldid=992212374, Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles with failed verification from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 02:32. Peer-reviewed analysis places the European death toll at more than 70,000. Elderly persons living by themselves had never faced such extreme heat before and did not know how to react or were too mentally or physically impaired by the heat to make the necessary adaptations themselves. Risk Analysis, 25: 1483–1494. This is some 8% of the total deaths in this 3 months period. The administration of President Jacques Chirac and Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin laid the blame on families who had left their elderly behind without caring for them, the 35-hour workweek, which affected the amount of time doctors could work, and family practitioners vacationing in August. [3], The predominant heat was recorded in July and August, partly a result of the western European seasonal lag from the maritime influence of the Atlantic warm waters in combination with hot continental air and strong southerly winds. During summer 2003, the early onset of hot weather, unusually high temperatures, and prolonged heat-stress conditions caused extreme peaks in mortality throughout Europe. The total number of heat-related deaths that occurred during the summer 2003 heat wave is unknown. More than 20,000 people died after a record-breaking heatwave left Europe sweltering in August 2003. "Heat waves are silent killers," tweeted Stefan Rahmstorf, a climate scientist at Potsdam University. Temperature records were broken in a number of countries in 2003 as Europe experienced its hottest weather in at least 500 years. At dawn that same day, a freak storm developed in the southern region of the country. French society has been confronted in a brutal way with the social implications of an ageing population and the tragedy of the heat wave has brought home to many people the important question of quality of life in old age. An 18-day heat wave in July 2006 rivaled 2003’s in its intensity, killing some 2,000 people in France. [citation needed], That shortcomings of the nation's health system could allow such a death toll is a controversy in France. August was by far the warmest, sunniest, and driest month, with temperatures roughly 2 °C above average. [17] A further research of INE estimated a 12,963 excess of deaths during summer of 2003. Mattei lost his ministerial post in a cabinet reshuffle on 31 March 2004. Elderly persons with family support or those residing in nursing homes were more likely to have others who could make the adjustments for them. The heat was particularly severe in France, where the temperature remained around 99 °F (37 °C) for more than a week in August in some areas. Europe failed to act after the 2003 French heatwave. Alpine glaciers shrank by 10 percent over the summer, and thawing in the mountains reached greater depths and occurred at higher altitudes than on average, contributing to rock slides. Comparisons were drawn to a heatwave in August 2003 which contributed to almost 15,000 deaths in the country. Europe was experiencing a historic heat wave that had been responsible for at least 3,000 deaths in France alone in the summer of 2003. Many bodies were not claimed for many weeks because relatives were on holiday. "The 2003 European heat wave has caused about 70,000 fatalities. A higher temperature had only been recorded twice before. "The French family structure is more dislocated than elsewhere in Europe, and prevailing social attitudes hold that once older people are closed behind their apartment doors or in nursing homes, they are someone else's problem," said Stéphane Mantion, an official with the French Red Cross. [26], In Germany, shipping could not navigate the Elbe or Danube, as a result of low water levels. Omissions? All in all, more than 52,000 Europeans died from heat in the summer of 2003, making the heat wave one of the deadliest climate-related disasters in Western history. In the summer of 2003 an anticyclone stationed above western Europe prevented precipitation and led to record high temperatures over sustained periods. It was estimated that about 15 000 excess deaths occurred during the August 1–20 heat wave in France. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. During summer 2003, Europe experienced one of the worst heat wave events in recent history , with an estimated excess mortality varying between 25.000 and 70.000 deaths in Western Europe [9, 10]. The relationship of mortality with temperature and ozone or PM10 from “normal” summers may not fully apply. Why Europe's heatwave is so unusual In pictures: Europe's June 2019 heatwave Heat waves occur infrequently in Europe and can significantly affect human health, as witnessed in summer 2003. The 2003 European heatwave caused 35,000 deaths. The heatwave greatly accelerated the ripening of grapes; also, the heat dehydrated the grapes, making for more concentrated juice. "The 2003 European heat wave has caused about 70,000 fatalities. The comparison of the impact of the 2003 heat wave between countries is hampered by the substantial differences in the methodologies employed to define heat wave events and to estimate … The comparison of the impact of the 2003 heat wave between countries is hampered by the substantial differences in the methodologies employed to define heat wave events and to estimate … An 18-day heat wave in July 2006 rivaled 2003’s in its intensity, killing some 2,000 people in France. Several reports about strong positive temperature anomalies exist – for instance from Toscana[24] and Veneto. [36] In spite of this the Scania County stayed below extremes of 30 °C (86 °F) indicating a more subtle kind of heat. The heat wave that scorched Europe in August killed more than 19,000 people, according to official estimates, making it one of the deadliest hot-weather disasters in a century. On 8 August, a temperature of 37.7 °C (99.9 °F) was recorded, and 12 August had a temperature of 37.2 °C (99.0 °F).[16]. During the heat wave, which began in June and continued through mid-August, temperatures soared to 20–30 percent above average. The harvest was started much earlier than usual ( e.g as weakened trees and dry underbrush the... Heat wave has caused about 70,000 fatalities his ministerial post in a number of heat-related deaths occurred! Perception of heat and population suffering were such a phenomenon to recur, largely... 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An environmental think tank the wines from 2003, although in scarce quantity, are predicted to caused.

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