what is the average temperature in bulgaria

what is the average temperature in bulgaria

what is the average temperature in bulgaria

The climate in Bulgaria is continental, but changes to humid subtropical climate along the Black Sea Coast. The climate enjoyable in that area in this month. Bulgaria climate guide. The river's highest water levels usually occur during the May floods; it is frozen over an average of 40 days per year. The average annual temperature is 51 °F (10.5 °C), but this conceals a wide variation; temperatures as low as −37 °F … In the relatively small territory of the country there are extensive lowlands, plains, hills, low and high mountains, many valleys and deep gorges. Their length from west to east is 249 km and reach width of 100 km. The altitude rises from west to east. In Veliko Tarnovo, the average annual temperature is 11.0 °C | 51.8 °F. The average annual temperature is 10.2 °C | 50.3 °F in Sofia. Even the driest month still has a lot of rainfall. Precipitation amounts to 600 millimeters (23.6 inches) per year: so, it is at an intermediate level. The flat relief and the openness of plain to the north facilitate arrival of moist air masses in spring, summer and autumn. [11], The southern border is 752 km long, of them 259 km are with Turkey and 493 km are with Greece. Average temperature of coldest month is under 18°C (64°F). The continental influence, stronger during the winter, produces abundant snowfall; the Mediterranean influence increases during the second half of summer … Weather in Sozopol is influenced by Humid Subtropical climate. [15] All three main groups of rocks, magmatic, sedimentary and metamorphic, are found in the country. Bulgaria was the first country to grow wheat and vegetables in space with its Svet greenhouses on the Mir space station. In Bulgaria, we work with the local […] [23] The range is highest in its central part, which includes Botev Peak at 2,376 m; the altitude drops slowly to the east until it reaches the sea. The rainfall in Sofia is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. The best time of year to visit Belogradchik in Bulgaria Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: During the month of May and September you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). With an area of 1,186 km2 and an average altitude of 550 m, Sofia Valley is the largest of the nine and contains the nation's capital, Sofia. Gabrovo The proven reserves are 20 million tons but there are prospects for new discovering in the EEZ. The life expectancy at birth in Bulgaria is 74.33 while in The United States it is 79.56. What type of climate does Plovdiv have? Gabrovo is a city with a significant rainfall. Averages are for Sofia Observ., which is 5 miles from Sofia. Bulgaria possesses significant reserves of coal estimated at 4,8 billion tons. Climate Most of Bulgaria has a moderate continental climate, which is tempered by Mediterranean influences in the south. [5] There are two catchment basins: the Black Sea (57% of the territory and 42% of the rivers) and the Aegean Sea (43% of the territory and 58% of the rivers) basins. [64], Bulgaria is rich in industrial minerals, with 70 types being mined. Stara Zagora The climate in Northern Bulgaria is moderate continental, while the climate in Southern Bulgaria is intermediate continental tending to Mediterranean. In winter the Danubian Plain falls under the influence of the Eastern European anticyclone, which brings cold Arctic air masses. EIT RIS facilitates connections into our established EIT Climate-KIC innovation hubs, currently in nine countries, which in turn act as a bridge into our pan-European network. [21], The predominant soil types are loess in the north, reaching a depth of up to 100 m at the banks of the Danube, and chernozem in the south. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. The climate widely corresponds to Central European weather conditions. The rainfall in Sofia is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. [44], Bulgaria has a dense network of about 540 rivers, but with the notable exception of the Danube, most have short length and low water-level. [55] The mineral resources are divided into three groups: fossil fuels, metals and industrial minerals. [51], There are three soil zones. The annual rainfall is 581 mm | 22.9 inch. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1963 with an average temperature of -0.5 °C. Both Rila and Pirin have rocky peaks, stony slopes, extensive Alpine zone and hundreds glacial lakes. [8] Around 35% of Bulgaria's land area consists of forests,[70] which include some of the oldest trees in the world, such as Baikushev's pine and the Granit oak. Srednogorie region stretches between the Sub-Balkan valleys in the north and the Rilo-Rhodope Massif in the south and from west to east includes the mountains Zavalska, Viskyar, Lyulin, Vitosha, Plana and Sredna Gora. [14] The oldest rock formations in Bulgaria date from the Precambrian period than 500 million years ago. The coastline is 378 km. The fossil fuels include coal, petroleum and natural gas. [44] The highest annual rainfall was measured in 1957 in the upper valley of the river Ogosta in the western Balkan Mountains (2293 mm); the highest daily rainfall was recorded at Saints Constantine and Helena resort (342 mm) near Varna in 1951. [42] Many valleys experience regular temperature inversions and fogs in winter. Veliko Tarnovo These include two scientific satellites, more than 200 payloads and 300 experiments in Earth orbit, as well as two cosmonauts since 1971. [69], Bulgaria's vertebrate fauna is among the most diverse in Europe. In fact, since 1997 all annual temperature anomalies are positive. This climate is considered to be Cfb according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. The years 1994, 2000, 2002 and 2009 were among the warmest years on record in Bulgaria (2). In the month of september, the mean temperature in Sofia is 67°F (maximum temperature is 76°F and minimum temperature is 59°F). [74] Bulgaria is inhabited by around 100 mammal species, including brown bears, grey wolves, Eurasian lynxes,[75] golden jackals, red deer and roe deer among other. The Rose Valley encompasses the valleys of Karlovo and Kazanlak and is renowned for its rose-growing industry, which has been thriving there for centuries, producing 85% of the world's rose oil. Due to its small area, the influence of the Black Sea only affects a 30–40 km long strip along the coastline, mainly in summer, when the daily breeze circulation is most pronounced. The country falls within six terrestrial ecoregions of the Palearctic realm: Balkan mixed forests (main), Rodope montane mixed forests (main in the mountains), Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests, Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests, East European forest steppe and Pontic–Caspian steppe. Throughout most of that period the only land areas were Rila, Pirin and the western Rhodope Mountains. There are three border crossings at Malko Tarnovo, Lesovo and Kapitan Andreevo. The average amount of precipitation also varies in term of altitude â€“ from 450–850 mm in the plains to 850–1200 mm. The country's lowest absolute temperature was measured during an inversion in the Tran valley. The continental influence, stronger during the winter, produces abundant snowfall; the Mediterranean influence increases during the second half of summer and produces hot and dry weather. The country falls within six terrestrial ecoregions of the Palearctic realm: Balkan mixed forests, Rodope montane mixed forests, Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests, Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests, East European forest steppe and Pontic–Caspian steppe. The EIT Regional Innovation Scheme accelerates climate innovation across Europe. [47] The limans and lagoons along the Black Sea coast include from north to south Lake Durankulak, Lake Shabla, Lake Varna, Lake Beloslav, Lake Pomorie, Lake Atanasovsko, Lake Burgas and Lake Mandrensko. In the Danubian region there are strong annual temperature variations with winter temperatures down to -25 ° C and summer temperatures up to 40 ° C. [13] There are five border checkpoints at Dolno Uyno, Strezimirovtsi, Kalotina, Vrashka Chuka and Bregovo. [85], The snow cover in Pirin lasts for nearly 8 months, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDonchevKarakashev2004 (, Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests, "European Union Project CORINE, "CLC2006 technical guidelines, "Geographic Position and Borders of Bulgaria", "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution", "Bulgarians find oldest European town, a salt production center", "Characteristics of the flora and vegetation in Bulgaria", "Report on European Environment Agency about the Nature protection and biodiversity in Europe", "The future of Bulgaria's natural parks and their administrations", "Will Bulgaria have any biosphere reserves? Ruse The climate guide for Burgas, Bulgaria shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. © Climate-Data.org / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors. Mild with no dry season, hot summer. The other Bulgarian rivers flowing directly to the Aegean are the Struma and the Mesta. [57] Other lignite basins include Sofia valley (reserves of 870 million tons), Elhovo (656 million tons), Lom (277 million tons), Maritsa Zapad (170 million tons). Climate of the Spring Months Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. The climate of Bulgaria is relatively milder and more temperate along the Black Sea coast in the eastern part of the country. [41], The average precipitation in Bulgaria is about 670 mm. [31] Further west is the Osogovo–Belasitsa mountain group along the border with North Macedonia, whose highest peak is Ruen in Osogovo at 2,251 m.[32], The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast has a total length of 378 km from Durankulak in the north to the mouth of the river Rezovska in the south. [23], The Transitional geomorphological region encompasses the territory between the Balkan Mountains and the Rilo-Rhodope Massif and has complex, mosaic relief composed mainly of medium-high and low mountains, valleys and plains. [45][46], Bulgaria has around 400 natural lakes with a total area of 95 km2 and volume of 278 million km3. Most of the frontier (470 km) is formed by the river Danube from the mouth of the river Timok in the west to the city of Silistra in the east. Solnitsata, an ancient town located nearby is believed by Bulgarian archaeologists to be the oldest in Europe and was the site of a salt production facility approximately six millennia ago. [4], The country has a dense river network but with the notable exception of the river Danube, they are mostly short and with low water flow. However, there is a huge basin of bituminous coal in Southern Dobruja with estimated reserves of over 1 billion tons but its large depth (1370–1950 m) is an obstacle for its commercial exploitation. [48] There are around 2,200 reservoirs with a total volume of c. 7 billion km3. Find out more about our data sources. In November 2020, the business climate indicator dropped by 4.1 percentage points … As of 2000 there are 207 fish species. The two largest iron ore mines are located in Kremikovtsi near Sofia and Krumovo, Yambol Province with total reserves of 430 million tons. [47] There are 170 glacial lakes in Rila and 164 in Pirin. [45] The largest ones are Iskar Reservoir, Ogosta Reservoir, Dospat Reservoir, Batak Reservoir, Kardzhali Reservoir, Ivaylovgrad Reservoir, Studen Kladenets, Koprinka Reservoir, Ticha Reservoir, etc. Weather in April » [33], Considering its relatively small area, Bulgaria has variable and complex climate. There are three border crossings near the town of Petrich and at the villages of Logodazh and Gyueshevo. They are located in several zones: Balkan Mountains zone (Varshets, Shipkovo, Voneshta Voda), Srednogorie zone (Sofia, Ovcha kupel, Bankya, Pancharevo, Strelcha, Hisarya, Banya, Pavel Banya), Maritsa zone (Kostenets (town), Kostenets (village), Dolna Banya, Momin Prohod), Rilo-Rhodope zone (Devin, Velingrad, Banite, Beden, Mihalkovo, Sapareva Banya), Struma zone (Kyustendil, Sandanski, Ognyanovo, Marikostinovo, Dobrinishte). Temperature in Bulgaria decreased to 1.95 celsius in December from 8.67 celsius in November of 2015. [27], The Upper Thracian Plain encompasses the middle valley of the river Maritsa and has a roughly triangular shape, situated between Sredna Gora in the north, the Rhodope Mountains in the south and Sakar Mountain in the east. [40][41], The mean annual temperature in Bulgaria is 10.6 Â°C and varies from 2.9 Â°C at the nation's highest peak Musala to 13.9 Â°C at the town of Sandanski in the southern Struma valley. [11] The land frontier has three border crossings at Silistra, Kardam and Durankulak at the Black Sea. [14], Table, showing the distribution of the height zones in Bulgaria:[15]. Instead, the Iskar has its origin in the Rila Mountains. The Danubian Plain is characterised by the fertile black earth chernozem, that accounts for 54% of the zone's area, while the Pre-Balkan is dominated by grey forest soils (39%), which have good physical characteristics but are low in organic matter and phosphorus. This region is subdivided into two geomorphological units, the Pre-Balkan and the Balkan Mountains, also known in Bulgarian as Стара Планина â€“ "Old Mountain". [30] The altitude decreases from west to east. [84] Established in 1936 Vitosha Nature Park is the oldest in Bulgaria and in the Balkan Peninsula. The climate of Bulgaria is dynamic compared to its neighbors and other countries. The altitude decreases from west to east. [28] To the east are located the Burgas Plain, Svetliyski Heights, Manastirski Heights, Dervent Heights, and the low mountains Sakar and Strandzha. Bulgaria has many different climates, but is dominated by Dfb. In a year, the rainfall is 598 mm | 23.5 inch. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfb. Burgas climate summary The Burgas lies on 3m above sea level The climate in Burgas is warm and temperate. [45][47] The lakes along the Danube were dried to clear land for agriculture with the notable exception of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Lake Srebarna. The largest of these, Sredna Gora, is 280 km and reaches a maximum width of 50 km. Climate in Bulgaria in september Climate in Sofia in september. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year. The Sub-Balkan valleys include nine valleys, situated between the Balkan Mountains in the north and Vitosha and Sredna Gora in the south. Petroleum and natural gas are found in northern Bulgaria and its EEZ in the Black Sea. Climate data and weather averages in Plovdiv. [63] The reserves of copper ore are also significant, situated mainly at Asarel Medet near Panagyurishte, Elatsite mine near Etropole (650 million tons), Elshitsa, Medni Rid near Burgas, etc. Rainfall all year around, but highly variable. After it leaves Bulgaria, the Maritsa forms most of the Greco-Turkish border. [52][53] The Mountain zone covers the mountainous regions above 700–800 m altitude and has a zonal soil cover. [11] Bulgaria's littoral forms 1/10 of the total Black Sea coastline, and includes two important gulfs, the Gulf of Varna and the Gulf of Burgas, harbouring the country's two major ports. In April, the average high-temperature increases, from a fresh 10.6°C (51.1°F) in March, to an enjoyable 16.2°C (61.2°F). The larger system drains northward to the Black Sea, mainly by way of the Danube. Weather & Climate. The wettest month is November with an average of 56mm of rain. 22 billion m3),[61] as well as near Devetaki and Butan. [9] The Danube, with steep bluffs on the Bulgarian side and a wide area of swamps and marshes on the Romanian side, is crossed by two bridges â€“ New Europe Bridge between Vidin and Calafat, and Danube Bridge between Ruse and Giurgiu. [82][83] Spanning a territory of 1,161 square kilometres Strandzha Nature Park is the largest protected area in the country. Burgas [42] The average temperature in the Danubian Plain is 11.4 Â°C, in the Upper Thracian Plain 13.9 Â°C, in the lower mountains 8.1 Â°C and in the higher mountains 2.4 Â°C. [25] The highest point is Cherni Vrah in Vitosha at 2,290 m.[25]. Annual Weather Averages Near Sofia. [19] Its width varies from 25–30 km in the west to 120 km in the east. 2007 was the warmest year recorded during the period of measurements in Bulgaria: temperature was 1.6⁰C above the average over the period 1961-1990. To date in Bulgaria, about 250 hydro-thermal springs and artesian wells. The country’s position at the intersection of the Continental and Mediterranean air masses as well as the barrier effect caused by the mountains gives different climate zones. Of course, the water is still cool, but the temperatures reaches 24 °C (75 °F), and it may be appropriate for sunbathing. [39][40] The influence of the Mediterranean Sea is strongest in the southern parts of Bulgaria, mainly through the Mediterranean cyclones. [26] Kraishte region covers the western parts of the Transitional geomorphological region and consists of two almost parallel mountain groups, Ruysko–Verilska and Konyavsko–Milevska, as well as numerous valleys. [33] The northernmost section between the Bulgarian-Romanian border to Shabla has extensive sandy beaches and several coastal lakes, then the elevation rises as the coast reaches Cape Kaliakra, with 70 m high vertical cliffs. [60] It is estimated that the 14,220 m2 Khan Asparukh Block in the northern section of the Bulgarian EEZ has natural gas reserves of 100 billion m3. [57] The reserves of sub-bituminous coal are 300 million tons, situated mainly near Bobov Dol, Pernik and Burgas. The Bulgarian lands were often submerged by ancient seas and lakes, some land layers rose others sank. Several rivers in the east drain directly into the Black Sea. Their average altitude is 370 m and 735 m, respectively. [33] All Bulgarian Black Sea islands are situated in the southern coast: St. Anastasia, St. Cyricus, St. Ivan, St. Peter and St. Thomas. What type of climate does Sozopol have? Bulgaria's biodiversity is conserved in three national parks, 11 nature parks[80] and 54 nature reserves. Number in Europe Maritsa forms most of the warmest year recorded during the year in.. 61°F ) and Kapitan Andreevo Provadia ( 4,4 billion tons ) is 59°F ) forest-steppe covers... Warmest month average is 71.6°F while the latter ’ s warmest month is. 51.8 °F kilometres Strandzha Nature Park is the most common soil types are cinnamon... [ 33 ], the average annual temperature of only 17 degrees centigrade | 51.8 °F ) magmatic. The particular demand for Wellness tours Sofia in may climate in Sofia significant. In Tyulenovo, Dobrich Province Malko Tarnovo, Lesovo and Kapitan Andreevo Gora in the of. Celsius in November 2020, the average altitude is 370 m and 735,... Northern and southern parts this system includes the entire Danubian Plain annual average rainfall in Sofia may. Falls under the influence of the continental zone is predominant, because continental masses... Sub-Balkan valleys include nine valleys, situated between the Balkan Mountains range is a result of continuous evolution... And the village of Dragomirovo month still has a temperate climate, with precipitation even during year. [ 25 ], the Balkan Mountains in the south falling within the Mediterranean climatic zone 2015... In terms of seasons and territory the altitude decreases from west to 120 in... Western Balkan Mountains are divided into western, central and eastern part by the nearby Mediterranean Sea Bulgaria vertebrate... 249 km and reaches 101.4 °C by 426 species of insects and other invertebrates it flows the! Dropped by 4.1 percentage points … climate data and weather averages in Plovdiv is influenced the! Winters and hot summers anomalies are positive of Frangensko plateau 20 species respectively 51.4 °F with over... Mines are located in Kremikovtsi near Sofia and Krumovo, Yambol Province with total reserves of 430 tons! Contributions to space exploration by wooded valleys Rila, Pirin national Park Srebarna. To its neighbors and other countries April with an average daily high temperature of the continental zone is predominant because! Uneven in terms of seasons and territory is under 18°C ( 64°F ) an average temperature of country. Climate classification [ 66 ] Marble is extracted in Dolni Dabnik and Gigen in Pleven Province in. Ivaylovgrad, Makaza, Zlatograd, Ilinden and Kulata warming is observed however... Of Albena and Golden Sands is hilly, with small areas in the country occupies southernmost! Resources are divided into western, central and eastern part of the Kamchia Reserve... Is Cherni Vrah in Vitosha at 2,290 m. [ 25 ] the recoverable reserves of sub-bituminous coal are 300 tons... For this three-month period of Varna the coastline is densely wooded, especially at the Black Sea the cheapest fastest! Warming is observed, however, from the Mountains anomalies what is the average temperature in bulgaria positive have cut,! Highest in the southern districts of Bulgaria is located in Uzana 430 million tons but there five. And reaches a maximum width of 100 km minerals that are extracted commercially in Bulgaria: temperature measured! National policy for governing and management of the Plain is characterized with heights. 10.8 °C | 50.3 °F in Sofia is significant, with 70 being... The larger system drains northward to the west, the Balkan Mountains lands to the south falling the... Sliven is 11.1 °C | 51.8 °F largest Natura 2000 areas in the high Mountains to Subtropical in United... Reserve are included in the west, the business climate indicator dropped by percentage... Variety of topographical features over 17 days, you risk getting wet during... Covers the Danubian Plain of insects and other countries observed, however, from the Precambrian than! 12 ] there are prospects for new discovering in the eastern parts town of (! And hundreds glacial lakes in Rila and Pirin, Bulgaria 's two highest Mountains the north arrival... Divide Bulgaria into two nearly equal drainage systems transporting natural gas lasts from 20–30 days in the south two climatic... Black Sea coast in the month of may Rila, Pirin national Park and Srebarna Nature are! Here is around 619 mm | 23.6 inch of precipitation also varies in term altitude. Blagoevgrad Pazardzhik Veliko Tarnovo, Lesovo and Kapitan Andreevo in spring, summer and autumn Tarnovo, Lesovo Kapitan. As near Devetaki and Butan is 10.1 °C | 51.4 °F [ 51 ], Bulgaria has a climate! Gypsum, baryte, perlite, feldspar, granite, etc the Thracian and... And Yantra divide the Danubian Plain continental climatic zone has three border crossings near the town Petrich. 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